Tag Archives: injustice

Why I hate capitalism

 

When you first hear of the word capitalism, what comes into your mind?

Me, the first thing that comes to my mind is profit, just by focusing on the word ‘’capital’’ which capitalism is derived from. Usually, capitalism is an economic system that its main agenda is based on private ownership of the means of production and the core reason for its existence and operation is the profit motive. Most countries in the world tend to be capitalists in nature, whether core countries or peripheral countries or semi-peripheral countries but their success may vary from one country or another based on how the ideology is applied.

My main concern today is on the peripheral countries, am choosing to call them that name since that sounds more appealing and some modest of respect  to them. In the world systems theory, this are those countries that are less developed and they receive small share of the global wealth. Or rather let’s just call them third world countries. I’m choosing this category because their capitalism is more threatening and means more harm to the citizens.

Usually, capitalism is characterized by freedom to own private property, accumulate capital, and acquire wage labor, open competition and little or no limitations by the government on the capitalist operation.  The market structure to some extent a free market economy, meaning, the freedom to make decisions and determining the market trend lies with the wealth owners. Marrying this concept quickly with Karl Marx’s Marxist theory, the competition would lead to development of a class struggles based on materialistic differences. The first thing that you have to think about now is exploitation due to the selfish nature of man, this would lead to creation of at most three classes, the upper class, the middle class and the lower class.

And, this is where the problems of capitalism begins. In my country Kenya, which I love using a lot as a perfect example, you are likely to find out that most people in their younger ages are saving nothing towards their future life but if you ask them why, they too just wish that capitalism would not be there in that future. The system has become so extractive such that all the moneys we get, they all nearly get absorbed back into the system itself before we could even think of doing something constructive with it. Those people in the higher class have access to more means of production, meaning they have more wealth and since they compete amongst themselves due to the nature of the market allowing them to do so, they discover more innovations so that they can survive in the same environment.  On the other hand they have to exploit those in the lower class so that we can continually depend on them and provide them with what they need which is mainly raw materials and cheap labor, sometimes under weird conditions which are very inhuman but we just have to do it for our survival. We make sure that we add them even the little that we have.  We continue to remain poor because of the high extortion that we are undergoing just to benefit a few individuals. There is even another major threat in the system called the cartels, this are a group of few corrupt individuals who come to compromise the system. They usually have more money which they dispense into the system to make sure that they are relevant in the game. They actually manage to go far with this since one of the main characteristics of capitalism is that the market is a free market economy and this gives them the freedom to determine the direction to which the market should head to. Their involvement may lead to an increase in the prices of commodities or influx of more fake and cheap product so that they make a lot of profit and, the concept is very simple, when you buy a fake product, its authentic that it will not last for a longer period than the original one and you would go back to the shop to buy another one again. In return, they would benefit in that you have bought the same product at least twice over a very short period of time. If it was something that affects your health, they still have hospitals where they promise you will access health services at waived prices and you run to those hospitals because you see that it is really cutting the cost for you. At the end of the day, they gain, you lose.

In fact, to some extent, capitalism has reached a point in the peripheral countries such that it is even compromising the education system because they want more people illiterate so that they can continue exploiting them. I used to work in a certain company some months ago before I went back to school and I could do my observation and I realized that the industry was full of young people than adults. The main reason was that they are trying to achieve the goal of youth empowerment which is good but, they mean exactly the opposite of this. It is easier to manipulate the minds of the youths to continue serving the capitalists than they can do to the adults. The fact is, more youths are unemployed and the youths themselves think that getting employed solves their problems one off.  When I was about to quit my work and go back to school, most of my colleagues were unhappy why I was making such a move and when I asked them why, they told me that I was going to be broke and I should not quit my job. Anyway, I still went ahead and left the job. Looking back, I still see most of the people I used to work with in the same position I left them, with the same salary we used to earn, some have even had their salaries reduced but they have no option. If you ask most of this people about school, they rather work than go to school. School will just have to wait, in fact, the answer they give you most of the time is that they will go to school after they have made money which they make every single month but they can hardly account for what they are doing with the money they get. Just like I said, most of it goes back into the system. Deduct tax and other expenses contributed towards government institutions, plus the ones they get charged for reasons such as failure to meet company targets and a few misconducts. They remain with little peanuts. Anyway, this capitalists and cartels had already gone to school and are educated and they don’t want the youth too to be educated because they would be learned and begin inventing new things and compete with them. Sometimes they blind our eyes with a few tricks that we don’t need to go through the normal education system where you learn the basic theories which are diversified but instead, come up with an approach of a technical training where you only get to lean a few techniques that can help you survive. Trash.  These are what leads to increased poverty levels yet more people are working. They remain poor because they don’t think, their thoughts and limits have been compromised by the capitalists.

In as much as the capitalists would boast of economic freedoms and to some extent political freedom, the incompetent masses is still suffering at the bottom of the system and in as much as the government may try to incorporate some socialist ideas to some degree, it is only doing that to play safe so that it cannot be directly blamed but it’s nothing close to any help to the incompetent masses. Let us be enlightened and plan or games wisely. Let’s not confine our thinking to now only. I still hate capitalism to some extent.   Continue reading Why I hate capitalism

Open talk with my fellow Kenyan Youths verses the Government.

Listen listen,
Am your boy Kitvan,
And by the way, this are my own opinions.

Let’s go….
So, am just a young Kenyan youth who tries a lot of things just to make sure am not idle most of the times..
Because that is what our country is trying to put our youths through, I mean its high time you have to discover yourself and do what you can so that you don’t be idle.

Now let me tell you a little story about our country.
Kenya is the place in Africa and they say that we are still three world counties, yes I guess we are.
In a society that the young like me really have to suffer unless you have a godfather, or you are just extra sharp, or you must just have some luck I don’t know where from or you have to accept to be used to get a favor or, you have to chuck a few bucks to be considered a valid option.

See, that is how corruption is killing my country,
To an extent that those who are supposed to protect us are doing less to try so.
They claim that the youth are the determinants of development but I really don’t see the ideals of this.

Whenever we try to upthrift, we are either silenced and our dreams just shattered that way or more tough policies are formulated that doesn’t favour us.
Whenever we discover something, someone already established somewhere will really be traumatized and all he think is how he will snatch that discovery from us. I hear they call them cartels, I call them advanced opportunists who can do more and have more abilities than us and means a lot of harm for us developmentwise.

The life standards are just getting tougher and tougher every day, in fact our constitution is a rights based constitution but at this point, I think its only a written document, it doesn’t defend and protect our rights that much.
If not, then why extra judicial killings, why progressive corruption, why economic discrimination, why us not getting tenders too, why sabotage health issues, why, why, why why? A lot of whys I can’t even finish.

They said women empowerment, wait, was it only to take advantage of our vulnerable ladies, why are they taking advantage of their vulnerability. More pregnancies are terminated due to the fear of irresponsible dads coming ahead, kids keep asking their single mothers each day where their dads are only to be told they are abroad, in fact, so far, so far that they are not coming soon only just to cool them and give them hopes that one day they will get to see them though not soon. I know nearly every living animal on this planet have sex and the reward is an offspring if it was unprotected and between two mature opposite sexes, I mean a young one, a baby.
Just likewise, we have a lot of street kids and their numbers continue to rise each day but again, not all kids who you meet on the streets are there because they like it, some reasons made them to be there, just like taking advantage of the vulnerability of their mothers, others sad and others even sadder.

Sometimes, we attend this job interviews only to realize later that we were just attending because it’s a formality that interviews have to be done but the job we are actually attending the interview for were already have people selected and reserved. You go back home waiting forever for that promised hope, “we will call you” never to hear from them again. You decide to do other odd things to survive, you waste your life in the hands of the law.

This issue of class is real and the youth are continued to be oppressed, I like how the law can be used to protect those “who have made it”, even if the crime they have committed can be vividly seen even by the blind. In fact, they are only summoned or raided with some fancy good-looking cars and requested to be “arrested ” and again requested to appear in court under a special court order, they are still treated like kings and queens, some of them who even “have made it more” get invited to sit and laugh and sip tea with MPs in the Parliamentary Committee in the name of being questioned about some offense. That’s our tax payers money they are screwing on since they have to be paid “allowances” for the “good” job they are doing.
On the other hand, let just news reach the authority that some little boy have made away with just a hen, he will be looked for even in the holes of an ant and toe walked to a tiny police cell that looks like a sewage tunnel.
Hah! Listen to this irony, sometimes back when we were made to “believe” that the government is really serious and took a few cartels to the cells just for days, the media could still follow them and the only thing they could complain about is sleeping on the floor and taking porridge with no sugar!! Hah! I wonder how someone could have the guards to mention that as a problem they experience yet some of us we are not in the cells but porridge without sugar is the only thing we know for breakfast, sleeping on the floor is the sweetest thing ever, we only see beds by the road side where they are sold when walking to work, we only have a pair of shoes which we put from January to December, our clothes can be counted too, in fact, our clothes can be used as a point of reference to refer someone to us sometimes. Some people claim they hate the job they are currently in yet some don’t even have somewhere to get even a Bob daily, they have to beg.

Unpacking our current regime, we have this thing called the “Big 4” which to me really, I only give it 30%, of being effective. Let’s begin with the first one,

1. Unemployment and industrialization; this is where the youths were actually promised mountains. We have not even seen hills or even rocks, in fact, the unemployment rate has even gone higher. We are not awarded tenders, we only see those who had worked getting reappointed for new jobs, in fact, sometimes they ask for a five years of experience to get a job!!! Where are we even going to get that experience from if no one is actually willing to employ us? A lot of foreigners providing labor which just local Kenyan youths can provide. To make it even fun, we could see like more than 60% of the funds allocated for the youths being stolen and the story just eroded like that. Corruption is the mother of all the problems we have. Let’s leave that there.

2. Affordable housing; indeed the houses are really “affordable.” Over the past two years, we have witnessed several demolitions thinking that , yes finally its going to be done, wait until I heard the prices of the houses, they were really “affordable.” I wonder where the normal youth will get that money to afford the houses even if the little one to eat is a nightmare. Plus, more people have been left houseless due to the demolitions.. Pin that there too.

3. Health; wow! You would be so happy when hear that the government is going to help you cater for some health expenses only to see doctors striking nation wide for nearly four months. Reason, they have not been paid plus, they want a salary increment that can sustain them and good working conditions. Still, even if it’s the government’s agenda, you will still be shocked that the health funds are embezzled, our women are Still charged when delivering yet it is free delivery for all women in the public hospitals, patients ordered to buy medicine yet the annual budget allocate some funds towards that and treating other kinds of illness which I may call light diseases. Pin that too, we can say more other day.

4. Food security; this is also ironical that we have concerned bodies like National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) who should oversight that our environment are clean and same for us and production. We still see people encroaching on reserved lands and polluting them, cutting down the trees growing there like they don’t know the importance of growing trees. It is such activities that lead to increased food insecurities, our lands becoming more dry and very unproductive to thus we do not produce more food for our consumption, we still have to import more food. Still wondering how sugar is claimed to have “mercury” in the whole country, if they could not have killed the local sugar factories, we could not have had a lot of such mysteries. The little food that we have are as well miss used and wasted, more families are sleeping hungry everyday, some dying of hunger too. Bring back our local factories to improve food security.

I think that our government is extorting us a lot, start with Kenya revenue authority (KRA), a tax body just really misusing its privileges to extort from us. A small entrepreneur like me who should be given some time to breath and look for ways to grow, they are on my back like a tick, they are not leaving me. Anyway I don’t mean that you don’t pay taxes, its your constitutional obligation to do so. What I am just worried about is this high rates of inflation yet they expect us to approach it the same way, whether high-class or low-class. Those inflated bills..

Matters security, we still see a lot of the youth getting murdered and even detained. This is due to more youth getting involved into criminal activities like stealing and robbing others the little they own. More of the youths still getting recruited into terror groups who still come back to terrorize us. The reward for all this is either mob Justice or facing the long arm of the law, which is usually being shot n the spot or jail.

Our ladies too, I have not forgotten about you. The rates of prostitution have too risen, exchanging sex for money or selling nude photos or acting pornography in the weird ways ever, or sometimes, dating older rich men who are the size of your dad so that you can extort money from them.

It’s high time we get out of this mass incompetency and be aware of our rights. Plus, it’s also about time to learn that getting employment is running out, there are many graduates out here with no jobs,we have to create opportunities for ourselves and employ ourselves before its late or we will remain unemployed forever.

Discover who you are, what you can be, what you can do and be you and get out to do it before looking on someone to catch your hand and lead you somewhere. Be aggressive enough to find that somewhere alone if possible.

Let’s not buy this idea of youth empowerment which is being promoted but has just been commercialized for personal gains by the cartels.

#WeAreTiredOfExploitation

#BeWare

#FightForTheYouth

Continue reading Open talk with my fellow Kenyan Youths verses the Government.

Blogging as a positive tool for Human Rights protection and Promotion

 

Photo: rightsblog.net

Well, I know you could probably be wondering that how is blogging and Human Rights related? Okay, let’s begin by breaking down these two in brief.

Blogging is basically creating content ranging from video, written, audio among others and publishing them online on your site if you own one or selling that content to be published somewhere else by someone rather than just you. This makes it a form of social network since when you blog, your main aim is to build a social relation with your publics. The content one talks about is not limited to a particular topic, one talks about anything that best suits him/her.

Human Rights on the other hand are standards that guarantees and tries to fulfill and satisfy an array of factors ranging from the basic needs such as food, shelter, clothing and other factors such as education, liberty, life, equality, discrimination, expression, security, forced labor, privacy, religion, speech among many other entities. And, they are called human rights because they only apply to human beings.

Now, this is how the two come in handy, our Kenyan Constitution 2010, which to me is actually a rights based constitution, gives every Kenyan the freedom of expression and freedom of the media and to be specific, Article 33 (1) (a) and (b) and Article 34 (1) which gives us that freedom as long as it doesn’t infringe on others’ rights which is basically violating the laws. Blogging is actually one of those ways we express ourselves and put out our views on a particular topic.

Although the same constitution, Article 21 (1) says that it is the fundamental duty of every state and state organ to observe to observe, respect, protect, promote and to fulfill the rights and freedom, that duty is not only limited to the government alone. When you look at the composition of a state, we have citizens as well. Therefore, we are the citizens, we bloggers, and we have the duty to protect and promote the basic fundamental Human Rights, every citizen. But, in the three world countries like Kenya where I may say that we have a massive mass incompetency and the citizens regularly have their rights and freedoms abused, employing the power of social media which many can access is a better way to impart that information to the incompetent masses in ways that helps to protect and promote the rights of those who are vulnerable and enlighten them on the freedom to choose how to live and express themselves.

Bloggers are therefore the government’s watchdog or any other individual trying to violate the rights of others whenever they tend to address and provide solutions to those problems.

Protecting and promoting Human rights.

Just like I said in the third paragraph, human rights are standards that aim to satisfy and fulfill an array of factors, a certain blogger or blog may decide to simply specialize in just one area of interest or talk about what comes to the table at hand. Blogging itself is a platform which can be accessed by many as long as it is good content and if you have a good mass of the public, you have access.

A lot of events have been occurring every now and then which clearly are violating the life standards such as discrimination, extra-judicial killings, economic exploitation, child abuse, mistreatment of the disabled, abusing women and other vulnerable groups, current slavery like the ones we witnessed in Libya, mistreatment of interns, abuse of office among many more. One will actually realize how cubing all these individually would be a huge task that he can’t even start. But, it is the duty of a blogger to help ensure that fellow citizens should not be mistreated and their rights not abused. I believe in the power of snowballing, it starts by me, then to my friend, then to his/her friends and the ball is passed just continually like that until it becomes a trend.

When I condemn a certain organ’s bad policy trying to exploit me/us through my blog and the public reads it, am already protecting a right and creating awareness to the public that they should not at any given point allow what am condemning to happen to them too. Usually, the government primarily just guarantee us our rights, let’s say in written documents such as constitution. I, condemning the violation of those rights is already protecting them.

Blog bodies in Kenya such as the Bloggers Association of Kenya (BAKE) which is a community organization of Kenyan bloggers and content creators which itself promotes online content creation and assuring bloggers freedom of expression is already protecting human rights just by creating that platform. The body brings the hope we need when expressing ourselves thus we enjoy that guarantee  provided to express ourselves as long as we do not infringe on others’ rights. Through their blogs, they enlighten and empower the public that they rightfully deserve to choose what they want and enjoy their lives. This is also fused with training workshops and even awarding bloggers so as to achieve better acceptance in the society as well as to prove to the society that truly bloggers are their shields.

Through addressing/putting to light/giving proposals and holding dialogues on fundamental issues affecting our daily lives,  also plays a big role in protecting human rights because some people, actually the violators are kept on toes and on watch. When we talk against something boldly, no one would want to engage into committing that offense since they would be on the lame light. Today blogging is actually one of the main tools used by most entities to expose those violating our rights and people are keen on bloggers just for such information.

So, without any fear, use the platform available to you as a content creator to protect and promote any form of human rights.

Continue reading Blogging as a positive tool for Human Rights protection and Promotion

We still need to talk more about this!!! 

So, I have a female friend who is an actress and she has been in the game not for a very log time but at least she has been in the industry doing her thing. Just in the near past, as they were shooting a film for their next episode of their drama, she started noticing something strange from one of their actors who couldn’t be okay with the cast he was given. Well this is it, apparently, somewhere in between the episode was supposed to be a romantic scene and the perfect duo to cast the scene was her and the man in the story. Now this is the sweetest part, the man could not take the part as he was really feeling extremely uneasy to cast it. Anyway, who would never want to cast a romantic scene surely?  Who?  He completely refused not saying why and the entire team had to restructure the episode again.  

They never did a follow up to find out the background reason why he refused. Now, being that this lady who I am going to call ‘’Jane’’ and the man let’s call him ‘’Victor’’, were close friends and they could make out more often, meaning, they could talk even ahead of things. 

Why am I saying this story even in the first place?  

I was a victim here. You know how you always have your friends’  photos on your gallery and you may decide to show some of your close friends about your other friends who they don’t know? So ‘’Jane’’ happened to have some of my photos and as they were going through the gallery with ‘’Victor’’, he saw my photo and pulled her fingers from scrolling and said, ”stop. Go back to the previous photo.” And boom!! It was me. He got impressed and could not hide his secrets and feelings anymore. I know you are now wondering what???? The same way you are wondering is the same way that ‘’Jane’’ was left tongue tied when ‘’Victor’’ told her that ‘’…wow!!! This guy looks very handsome… and am just falling in love with him…’’ unlucky me!! I impressed a fellow man to fall in love with me!!! Jesus! Now the next big task was to find me so that I could say yes. Unfortunately, that could not happen since Jane herself could not even let him access me now that that was his intention of meeting me.

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A previous photo of me just chilling in the house

I personally was aware of such things in our society but never imagined that I could be a victim one day. Victor is a young man who is just in his early 20’s. At least at this point, it was clear to Jane since Victor had come out of the closet to tell her about his sexual orientation and identity that he belonged to the LGBT (Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals and Trans gender) community.  

Now that I was involved in this story and Jane too was worried about her friend. I had to go deeper into it rather than just being aware that such characters exist in every kind of society. In my country Kenya, it is illegal to belong to such a community since our culture does not recognize it but this doesn’t mean that they do not exist. We just have to learn how to cope up with them.  

History  

Image result for lgbt
All the actual category of the entire LGBT groups.

It is commonly known to many as homosexuality, where one gets interested, or attracted to the members of the same sex and it is referred to as Gay in men and lesbianism in women and there are even those who do both sides, Bisexuals among other many categories that one may belong to.  But, in real sense, it’s not a thing of the present as most people would put it and attribute it to westernization. Actually, homosexuality dates back to the ancient times of Greek and Rome as such terms were evident in the works of ancient Philosophers like Plato and Socrates and there even existed photos and carvings crafted showing people of the same sex showing intimacy. History says that it existed since the early 1500 BCE.  

In Africa the first evidence showing homosexuality was first discovered in Egypt of two men who lived at around 2400 BCE and they were the first male couples believed to have gotten married and they were called Khnumhotep and Niankhnum where their tomb was discovered in 1964 and they were buried together like married people.  

Image result for Khnumhotep and Niankhnum
This were the drawings discovered at their tomb

 

Image result for Khnumhotep and Niankhnum

Image result for Khnumhotep and Niankhnum

Fast forwarding the story to the resent times, this kind of traits have been seen manifesting into many people from all parts of the world. There is nowhere free of LGBT community, some states accepting it, some denying it.  

A study was actually done in the US about homosexuality, evident in the famous Kinsey Report of 1948, where the report says that women dominated the community and that only 30% of the American male had engaged. In an extensive case study both men and women were put under study to watch a film, then, women became sexually aroused when they viewed heterosexual  and lesbianism erotic films while those males who were straight were turned on only when they watched erotic films with  women, the gay ones were turned on with those erotic films with men only.  the aim of the study was to find out the manifestation of homosexuality in both men and women.

From those findings, could we say that women’s sexual desire is less rigidly directed towards a particular sex as compared to men’s? As in, women get attracted easily to any gender compared to men? What do you think? Defend your side. According to me, I think it is changeable over time along someone’s life cycle though doesn’t apply to all people. As in, younger ladies embrace this behavior but as they grow older, the quit.  

(N/B; the Kinsey report have always been criticized since people have always had varying opinions on this topic and  they have always come out to add more clarity to it. ) 

With that in mind let’s therefore look at the causes. 

Causes 

So far, scientist have only established two possible causes of homosexuality.  

  1. Biological factors though  a determinant for sexual orientation has not been comprehensively demonstrated on how it would lead to one ending up being a homosexual but they never lack a hypothesis which they actually attribute to the following factors as the possible causes;

 

  1. Chromosomal linkage studies – they try to find out if there is a link between genes of the same character.
  2.  Epigenetic studies – they study heritable changes in the genes (active against inactive genes) to find out possible causes. 
  3. Birth orders – try to find out if there is a trend of such character by looking at the birth order on how kids are born in that particular family. 
  4. Female fertility – they try to find out if the fertility of the mother have been affected by other factors that may disorient one’s sexual orientation and identity. 
  5. Pheromone studies – done to find out if there are any chemicals that might have been secreted to affect ones sexual orientation. 

 Environmental factors where they again attribute possible influences from; 

  1. Parenting – attributing to how your parents brought you up, telling you homosexuality is good or bad. 
  2. Family love at young ages- shifting focus to Freud’s psychoanalytic stages of development (nurture and nature)  
  3. Urban settings – where one is brought up and what is practiced, basically looking at the effects of urbanization 
  4. Cultural influences – what ones culture accepts or rejects  
  5. Evolutionary perspectives – attributed to family inheritance, who you learn it from.  
  6. Political activism – political parties aligning themselves to accepting homosexuality and supporting those who belong to this community to be heard and treated equally as straight people. 
  7. Peer, aggression and conformity – because your friend does it, you also agree to do it and become one just because he have told you it is good/nothing wrong with it. 
  8. Self-experiment – effects of trying to do what you always see or hear from some people. 
  9. To some people its business – sometimes, somebody just engage in the act because he is offered a few bucks, it becomes a habit of making bucks now. 

 

To me personally, I may say that the environmental factors plays a big role in making someone change his or her sexual orientation identity since they look more justifiable and evident and the choice sits with an individual on whether to choose which side you want to align yourself to. The biological factors could also contribute but not out of choice, you are either naturally born belonging to the community or not. Anyway, my opinions are not endorsements so do not go and start confronting your friend on how what is true. Remember up there we said that this are only hypothesis. They have not been completely confirmed.  

Coming out 

Mostly know as coming out of the closet.  

This is basically a phrase used to mean disclosure of one’s sexual orientation and identity and it is always described in three phases, the first one is knowing oneself internally of whether you are a homosexual or heterosexual, the second phase is now the decision to come out to others like family members and close friends and the final phase is when one has accepted and living openly in society as a homosexual. 

These people who belong to this community always have a high chance of rejection in the society since most people are not like them and would not even want to associate with them once they come out about their orientation 

Is it a disorder? 

Well before 1973, it could be termed as a disorder. You ever heard of the American Psychiatry Association (APA) and their Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)? In 1952, the APA published its first DSM I and homosexuality was included in as a disorder. This sparked a lot of controversies and discussions and it was even challenged that it lacked consistency to produce empirical and scientific basis regarding it as a disorder or abnormality. If we look at a state to which someone has to be classified abnormal, a problem must first exist and the behavior must be termed deviant (not accepted by many in a society). According to APA they must have been correct in their own view since not everyone was a homosexual plus, the individuals had a problem coping up with people from the opposite sex when it comes to affection and sex. That was abnormal but they could not prove this argument so they had to lose the case. 

They therefore urged all mental institutions and other organizations and other mental professionals to stop terming it an abnormality and remove all the stigma associated with such orientations which we saw the World Health Organization (WHO) which had just updated in their ICD-10 that homosexuality was a disorder from ICD-9 removing it as a disorder. The same happened the Chinese Society of Psychiatry which removed theirs too from their Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders in 2001 after 5 years of research proving it not a disorder. 

The main reason why they had to scrap it off was that homosexuals were just normal people who functioned well just like other people who are straight and they were just living a happy life and as productive as other people and healthy. There is no abnormality associated with them. Even if we look at their sex life, they all show comparable expectations and ideals with regard to romantic relationships and people with this orientation express their sexuality in a variety of ways and may or may not express it in their behavior.  

So, the answer here is a valid NO, it is NOT A DISORDER.  

 

Curable? 

Though efforts have always been made to try and change these people to be heterosexuals, there is completely no adequate scientific proof that one have cured homosexuality and managed to change a person’s orientation. APA still comes clear on this that it’s not a choice that can be changed at will though over a period of time, it may be changed but not as easy as we think.   

Some of the methods that have been identified to be of help include psychotherapysupport groups who support the people belonging to this community so that they may come to reality and change and life events where those who have changed are used as props to testify why they should be straight. Through this, an individual may become aware at different points in their lives and they could change to become straight only if it was not caused by biological factors (It is like someone telling you to become a woman when you are a man!!!! Completely impossible even through surgery) 

One last method that have been suggested include that might help is the conversion therapy. 

In this method, scientists suggest that when we use psychological and spiritual interventions, it may work. This is applied through classical conditioning (you must have heard about classical conditioning in my previous article; Telling your story to uplift others!!! 

Basically in classical conditioning the individual is subjected to an aversive conditioned stimulus while at the same time denying him or her what we want to get rid off him or her. Therefore by subjecting them continuously to the conditioned stimulus and denying they chance to practicing homosexuality they begin to elicit conditioned response from the conditioned stimulus and at the same time, learning a new behavior resulting from the denial of practicing homosexuality. When this is repeated several times, it should be able to work and the person might change. We psychologists believe so.  Remember when you have a young kid and whenever you go with her to the supermarket and she sees sweets, she begins to cry because she want the sweets, she gets used to this behavior (crying to get sweets) and anytime you go with her to the supermarket and she sees the sweets, she cries. When you want to stop her from this crying habit, you now condition her, so, whenever you go with her to the supermarket, you do not pass with her where the sweets are and even if she starts to cry, you still do not buy her the sweets, you don’t reinforce the crying habit anymore, overtime she will get used to it and will not cry. Now that is a model of what we call classical conditioning. 

Partying shot 

Now I believe that you have a deep idea of what homosexuality is and what it entails. It’s now upon you to devise a plan on how to interact with them and how to treat them because they are just normal people like us. Make some sense out of this story. I do not care even if it’s legal or illegal in your country but the fact still remains that the LGBT community will always continue to exist in any generation.  

DO NOT STIGMATIZE THEM. 

You may share with me your views in the comment section below and tell me what you think.

Thanks for reading and as always,  

God Bless You.  

Simon Ouma 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kenya and injustice!!!

Capture 62

 

I bet that if you do not come from Kenya and you have never even visited Kenya in your entire life, just open you google maps and type in at the search box, Kenya and know where it is located. Get into your google and search about Kenya and know about it. For those who have ever come to Kenya, I bet that you too have a story to tell back there to your friends of your experience. You can as well visit YouTube and and watch amazing videos You-tubers have always vlogged about Kenya.  Just allow me to introduce this country to you; so its an African country and to be precise, located in the East African part of Africa, covering land of about 580.3 sq. km. It also has a population of about 48.5 million. It has a presidential system of government and President Uhuru Kenyatta is the head of state as well as the head of the republic and in 2010, it promulgated a new constitution which gave birth to a devolved system of government having 47 counties each headed by a Governor and the national government is the central government.  I also bet that you have also been told bout the  beautiful nature of parks and beaches and the hospitality and diverse cultures among its 44 tribes… and , Nairobi is the capital city. Well it was just a brief of my country and i think that gives a better picture of my country now.

I will be fooling myself to deny that anything that looks good is always perfect at all times. There must be some patches as well and that is what I am going to talk about today. Earlier in my previous articles I had talked about Why extra judicial killing is just a ‘’normal’’ thing (which if you never read you should just click on that link after reading this article to read about it also) and  this article is almost borrowing some concepts from it. If you are a Kenyan citizen or maybe you have just lived here for a while, you probably know what I meant and you can connect the two when I mention the word injustice. To non Kenyans, when I borrow from Trump’s common phrase, ” Africa is a shithole”, you can also connect. So to begin with, i’ll describe for for you injustice in a layman’s language, do you remember that time when you are doing something to someone and you enjoy doing it even when the person at the receiving end end is suffering but you on your end you enjoy doing what you are doing to him? Now that is injustice. The act of not being fair.  The Kenyan government is not too far from that to its citizens. I feel like even the government is unjust to itself.

Just to dwell on the current situations, so, we just had our general elections last year -2017-  and you wont believe this, we had two rounds of elections, not because there was a re-run due to a tie or no 50%+1 rule for the presidential candidates but just because there were massive election injustices lead by rigging and bribing of voters and killing of election officials. The winner was initially announced but the runners-up were not contented with the election outcome and moved to court to file an election  petition. They won the petition and the supreme court of Kenya ordered for a fresh presidential elections within 60 days. During that 60-day period, a lot happened that cannot be explained in one blog Post but opposition withdrew their candidature. On the voting day, we witnessed all kinds of magic you would ever imagine of, a lot of people did not turn out to vote due to voter apathy but finally, we heard a president and he was ”ceremoniously” sworn in as the head of the republic and the head of state. Drama began when there were a lot of divisions and people were feeling that the government is not just to them and the opposition formed a new kind of  a dysfunctional ”government” and even sworn in their own ”people’s president” but never served for long. Before there could be a people’s president, we experienced a lot of demonstrations as people were just fresh from an election period and they had a lot of scars in their hearts and the supporters of the second ”government” fighting against those of the ”genuine” government to cure their anxiety. It involved demonstration after demonstrations and destruction of property that belonged to the other party and in return, police could just clobber people and also destroy property and shooting people to kill them. I guess there must have been a shoot to kill order. Several people were killed all over the the major supporting counties and some left homeless and the list of damages continues. what an injustice!!

taxes-tax-evasion-police-handcuffs.jpg

As we are also trying to recover from that election and after election experience, we still have a lot of issues to clear. The government used a lot of money during that period  and it have to recover it back. To make it clear, The government have been borrowing a lot of money both through domestic borrowing and foreign borrowing as well. Some of this were just embezzled and a few percentage put to use into some projects that do not even benefit half of the population of its citizens. To be precise, the total amount of debt that has accumulated to date is slightly over Ksh. 4.5 trillion ( US$ 44.685 billion), 50%+ of this owed to foreign lenders and 48%+ owed to domestic lenders. That is, if every Kenyan was to pay, each person must pay at least Ksh. 100,000 ( US$ 1000) to clear the debt. Imagine that. The state Parastatals are hiking bills as well so that they can try recover more money towards paying the debt. Electricity bills comes as unusual, you may ask yourself if you own a milling factory in your house yet you only use electricity for domestic purposes only. The common cooking floor that everyone should be able to afford is now a precious commodity if you afford it, its price is almost twice the normal price it used to be, – I mean most people are living under a dollar bill a day-, gas prices keep fluctuating every now and then, private firms are overtaxed and the effect are felt by the employees; most of them are sent away from their jobs due to the firm’s low profit earnings and this  is seriously making it even unable to sustain its employees. This leads to the increasing rates of unemployment which lead to increased crooked ways of earning a living. Poor schools/education, roads, health and the mother of all, fighting against corruption has become a major issue; corruption has taken the lead. I am really sure that foreign investments are actually dropping. You can imagine all that injustice.

Shifting away from economic injustices, human injustices also exist and I may say that insecurity might be a big threat due to increasing unemployment rates as more people turn to crooked means of making money, someone could be killed at anytime and it will just go that way without any attention given to those who are affected or tying to follow up on the perpetrators. The courts could also be turning into money making schemes rather than fighting for ideal justice. My country is slowly turning into a ”money talk” nation? The wars between the three arms of the government sometimes leads to the citizens suffering in return. The in-fights at the legislature when they are trying to skew the constitution in one way or another so as to suit their needs really creates a lot of injustice to some parties and individuals. Slowly, a banana republic could be developing if we are not careful, it is a man eat man society and you one do not care what others feel if they are at the executing end. Have you ever heard someone being deported out of his own country where he is a citizen by birth? It has happened in my country, not once, but twice. There is also no freedom of the media to conduct their activities freely. Sometimes, I wonder why our constitution is structured in a rights based manner and with all sorts of freedom but in ideal, they are not just there as you can imagine…

Anyway, that should not discourage you from visiting my country, Kenya, its a beautiful place indeed. A coin usually have two sides and I was just trying to explain to you the other side of my  country that no one will tell you about. Perhaps when you visit Kenya thinking that you are going to see all this, you might not just see them or experience them but with time as you become assimilated into our culture, you might start to experience and see them in reality. To all Kenyans, lets embrace the virtue of goodness and love our country. It shall be great again when me and you come out to make it…

Related image

An areal view of a section of Nairobi CBD

As always, God bless you.

Simon Ouma.